Depression is a frequently occurring mental disorder, which is primarily associated with the appearance of disturbances in emotional status. Mood, self-esteem, and the sphere of thinking are affected. Sometimes it helps to stabilize the condition:

According to the conclusion of the WHO (World Health Organization), the disease occurs at any age in almost 265 million people.

In the Russian Federation, pathological depression of the psycho-emotional sphere is determined in 35-56% of the population. Severe forms of depression cause disability, social withdrawal, and suicide. However, there are working methods of treatment, the effectiveness of which increases with the timely

application for help.


s of people with typical depression
Clinical manifestations differ depending on the severity of the disorder, personality traits of the person. Among the typical characteristics are the following features, which are called the “depressive triad”:

steadily decreased mood;
difficulty thinking;
Motor lethargy.
An important addition is anhedonia – loss of the ability to experience pleasure from activities which in normal conditions would please the patient. Inadequate guilt is combined with reduced self-esteem and pessimism.

Each year, more than 800,000 able-bodied people end their lives by suicide.

Causes of development and risk factors
There are no unambiguous causes of depression. According to modern concepts, the main role in the etiology is played by such pathogenetic models:

Biological. Based on genetic disorders and internal causes (endogenous).
Neurochemical. Disturbance of mediator metabolism in the brain affects the interaction between nerve cells.
Psychological. Violation of the self-esteem, problems in relations between close people.
Social. Since his youth, the man strives to conform to the standards established in society. The higher the level of intellectual development, the harder a person suffers life’s failures, constantly comparing himself with others.
Not all people who are prone to depression develop the disease. The trigger factors are the following:

Severe life events suffered in childhood: the death of loved ones, violence (mental, physical, sexual), disharmonious relations in the family, inadequate upbringing;
psychologically traumatic experiences: stressful stress, financial distress, childbirth or menopause, natural disasters, social isolation, pressure/harassment from others, divorce, relationship problems
presence of severe somatic disease: cancer, myocardial infarction, cirrhosis of the liver, endocrine (hormonal) disorders, hemodialysis in the background of renal failure, allergies, neurological disorders, loss of limb, other causes of disability;
female gender;
occupational characteristics: catering workers, doctors, office staff, caregivers, nannies, career people;
working in conditions where there is a shortage of bright (sunny) light, especially in winter and autumn;
taking pharmaceuticals – benzodiazepine tranquilizers, glucocorticosteroids, some hormonal drugs, withdrawal of neuroleptics;
Abuse of psychoactive substances – drugs, alcohol, hallucinogens, inhalants.
When symptoms develop for no apparent reason, depression is called endogenous or autochthonous. Its manifestations are often part of the structure of other somatic or neuropsychiatric diseases. Or may be hidden – “latent”.