Dandruff: what is it and how to treat it?

Dandruff is a common skin disease caused by the fungus Pityrosporum ovale. According to statistics, this microorganism has about 90% of the population. The fungus “wakes up” only when there is a violation of the sebaceous glands, the fungus leads to the emergence of dandruff. As a result of this process, we notice with the naked eye an abundance of scales that cover the scalp like white snow. Dandruff causes discomfort in the form of itching, burning and skin irritation. Over time, it can progress to a more severe form: seborrhea. Dead skin cells (scales) in humans cause itching, and irritation of the nerve endings. Hair becomes harder to style each time, because the scales make it very greasy and spoil its appearance. Seborrheic dermatitis can lead to baldness over time if the process is not stopped in time. It often helps against dandruff: https://pillintrip.com/medicine/fungoral.

The main types

There are two types of dandruff – dry and oily.

Dry dandruff is characterized by a low discharge of saliva. With dry dandruff, the scales completely cover the scalp and hair. Dandruff occurs because the immune system can not cope with their functions. Then the fungus “wakes up”, which affects the scalp. Hair changes its structure – it becomes dry and brittle.

Oily dandruff in contrast to the dry, has a high secretion of saliva, because too active sebaceous glands. As a result, sticky and greasy scales form on the scalp, which lead to irritation and itching.

Causes of dandruff

Yeast fungi of the genus Malassezia are considered the main cause of dandruff. These fungi feed exclusively on sebum, so they completely cover a person’s skin, especially the scalp. When the disease occurs, they proliferate actively;
A metabolic disorder often leads to a malfunction of the sebaceous glands;
Any hormonal changes (for example, during puberty or pregnancy);
Improper nutrition;
A weakened immune system;
Allergic reactions, especially to the materials of which headgear is made;
Improper hair and scalp care: frequent or irregular washing of the head, frequent hair coloring and other causes lead to dandruff.


Treatment of dandruff is engaged in a doctor-trichologist. It is him who you should go to if you are concerned about this skin condition. He will determine the cause of dandruff and prescribe a course of treatment, which includes medicines with anti-fungal effect. They can destroy the fungus, reduce the rate of cell growth and remove flakes of dandruff from the scalp and hair.

Therapeutic shampoos:

If you have decided that you can cope with dandruff yourself, then before you buy therapeutic products, pay attention to the composition.
So, choose shampoos that contain salicylic acid, zinc pyrithione, climbazole and ketoconozole – act as an antifungal component. With their help, you can get rid of scales and the pathogen itself. The scalp will be healthy and clean. Mangosteen shampoos are also considered effective in reducing the amount of fungus and the rate of exfoliation.

Therapeutic dandruff shampoos:
“Squafane S
“Keto Plus.”

Shampoos perform the following functions:
Reduce the number of fungi
Reduce the rate of cell division and increase in cell size
Removes scales from the skin surface
Reduce the production of sebum.

All products should be applied regularly, and then you will forget about dandruff like a bad dream.

Shampoo often;
Wash your hair regularly;
Avoid sweets and greasy foods;
During the cold season do not go out without a hat.

Don’t put off going to the doctor! The doctor-trichologist will clarify the situation, so you understand the importance of the problem, and, of course, will help to treat seborrheic dermatitis. And then your hair will be healthy again!