Anorexia in adolescents

At a young age, you always want to be beautiful. But the desire to meet modern standards of beauty can lead to serious health problems.

At a young age, you always want to be beautiful. But the desire to conform to modern standards of beauty can lead to serious health problems. The problem is especially acute for teenagers, whose psyche is being formed. And there is enormous pressure from television, glossy magazines, the movie industry: a beautiful girl is a very thin girl. This becomes one of the reasons for the development of anorexia in adolescence.

I don’t want to eat and use desirett.
Most recently, Olympic figure skating champion Yulia Lipnitskaya quit the sport. She was only 15 years old when she won an Olympic medal in team events in Sochi in 2014. And in 2017, Yulia unexpectedly announced the end of her athletic career. And anorexia was cited as one of the reasons. So what is anorexia and is it really that dangerous?

Anorexia is a mental disorder characterized by refusal of food, inadequate assessment of their weight and the obsession to lose weight. To achieve their goal, anorexic patients may sit on grueling diets, refuse to eat completely, flush the stomach, do an enema or artificially induce vomiting.

Cases of detection of the disease in children aged 10-11 years old are recorded.
Anorexia affects mostly teenagers, according to some data, 90% of those who suffer from this disease are young girls aged 12 to 24 years old. However, even today there is a tendency to further decrease the age of the disease. According to Zurab Kekelidze, chief psychiatrist of Ministry of Health of Russia and General Director of Serbsky Federal Medical Research Center of Psychiatry and Narcology, anorexia diagnose was given mostly to 14-15-year-old girls, but today cases of children at the age of 10-11 years old are registered more often.

How to notice
Teenagers themselves do not notice how they begin to develop anorexia. Often it seems to them that they, on the contrary, grow fat. Therefore, it is extremely important that parents are able to notice the beginning of the disease in time. There are signs by which you can notice that the teenager has begun to have serious problems:

A reduction in the amount of food eaten;
Significant weight loss;
Deception about the amount of food eaten;
Closure and closetedness;
Depression;
Rapid fatigue;
Unwillingness to eat at the communal table;
Constantly looking at oneself in the mirror, in order to find flaws in one’s figure;
Frequent weighing, counting calories.
These are just the signs that can be seen. But it is in the mind of a teenager that the main problems arise, and only a professional psychiatrist can deal with them.

Why it’s so scary
Anorexia has a high 10-15% chance of death.
The consequences of anorexia can be very dangerous not only for the health but also for the lives of adolescents. According to Zurab Ilyich Kekelidze, anorexia can be both an independent disease and a syndrome of other diseases, such as schizophrenia. He notes that it is not uncommon for anorexia in adults to weigh 23 kilograms.

The probability of death in anorexia is high at 10-15%. It is not uncommon for adolescents to commit suicide. The causes of death are often heart failure, which develops with anorexia.

Advice for parents
First of all, you can not criticize the appearance of teenagers, to point out their external flaws. It is necessary to become a model for the child: do sports, eat right. In no case you can not break down on the child, it may encourage him to refuse to eat, become an additional factor in the development of the disease.

Dietitians are not advised to choose a child’s own diet, in case he is overweight. It is necessary to consult a specialist to make up the optimal dietary system. From childhood, pay attention to sports so that they become a habit, then the child will always be in good physical shape.