Since diabetes is not curable, the doctor's most important task is to educate the patient to control the disease himself.
The best way to achieve this is to learn as much about diabetes as possible. That's why specialized schools have been created for diabetics, says Dr. Denis Slinkin.
The task of the doctor or schools is to teach the patient to live with diabetes and learn how to control it, as well:
- Regular self-control of blood sugar levels;
- To identify and control risk factors at the right time;
- Eating habits;
- Attendance by specialists who provide qualified assistance with dabetics;
- Physical activity;
- Medicines prescribed by a doctor;
The main key point is stratification of risk factors in the population. This method is topical all over the world. Thanks to this system, control of manifestation and development of diabetes mellitus is achieved, as well as early registration of people for this disease due to heredity, obesity, endocrinopathy, etc.
In recent years, there has been a tendency to progression of the disease, which is quite connected not only with heredity, but also with sedentary lifestyle, overeating and consumption of easily digestible carbohydrates.
But thanks to the fact that specialists have achieved early diagnosis and effective treatment methods, as well as reducing the risk of complications from the organs of the target - the incidence of diabetes mellitus is not increasing.
Also, to prevent an increase in the number of patients with the disease, scientists recommend informing the population about diabetes each year, which will allow early detection of the disease in people, Dr. Denis Slinkin said.
Dr. Denis Slinkin states that recently national guidelines have been created, which contain standardized but updated therapy and diagnostic methods.
The aim of the therapy is also to prevent the development of complications in diabetes patients, to monitor the population, and to personalize the choice of sugar-reducing drugs depending on the dominant clinical problem. The most important key point in the therapy was lifestyle change: rational diet and increased physical activity.